By Wichard Cilliers, Director & Head of Market Risk, TreasuryONE

South Africa’s unique economic landscape, characterised by fluctuating commodity prices, political uncertainties, and exchange rate volatility, makes hedging not just a prudent choice but a necessity for businesses looking to safeguard their financial health.

The Essence of Hedging

Hedging is a risk management strategy employed to limit or offset the probability of loss from fluctuations in the prices of commodities, currencies, or securities. By using financial instruments or market strategies, companies can protect themselves against adverse price movements that could erode profit margins.

Why Hedging is Critical

  • Protection Against Exchange Rate Risk: For South African companies engaged in international trade, the Rand’s volatility can significantly affect the cost of importing goods and the value of exporting them. Hedging against currency risk can protect profit margins.
  • Commodity Price Fluctuation: South Africa’s economy is heavily reliant on commodities. Hedging strategies can lock in prices for buyers and sellers, providing stability and predictability in revenues and costs.
  • Interest Rate Changes: Interest rate volatility can affect the cost of borrowing and operational expenses. Interest rate swaps or futures can be used to stabilise cash flows.

Developing a Robust Hedging Strategy

  • Assessment of Risk Exposure: The first step is to identify and quantify the risks that the business is exposed to. This could be anything from currency risk to commodity price risk or interest rate risk.
  • Choosing the Right Instruments: There are various hedging instruments available, such as forwards, futures, options, and swaps. The choice depends on the type of risk and the company’s risk appetite.
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis: Hedging comes at a cost, and it is crucial to conduct a cost-benefit analysis to ensure that the cost of hedging does not outweigh the benefits.
  • Regular Review and Adjustment: The market is dynamic, and so should be the hedging strategy. Regular reviews will ensure that the strategy is adjusted in line with the prevailing market conditions.
  • Expertise and Advice: Given the complexities involved, seeking advice from financial experts can lead to the development of a more effective hedging strategy.

The South African Context

In South Africa, where the economy is intertwined with global commodity markets and is subject to internal and external economic pressures, hedging takes on added significance. The country’s businesses must not only contend with the inherent risks of their industries but also with the Rand’s fluctuations against major currencies like the US dollar, which can be triggered by both local and international events.

South African businesses that operate in such an unpredictable environment must prioritise the development of effective hedging strategies to protect their assets, secure their profits, and ensure long-term sustainability. By doing so, they can navigate the choppy waters of volatile markets with greater confidence and resilience.


Our team of experts have 100+ years combined of unmatched expertise in forex, interest rate and commodity risk management.

Our track record speaks for itself! In 2023 we:

  • traded R300+ bn in FX 
  • Confirmed 45 000+ FX deals
  • 17 000+ FX settlements

Do YOU have a hedging policy